The following six components of smart city development are commonly adopted by the academia and relevant sectors.

Smart Economy

It advocates innovation and entrepreneurship, focusing on developing new and high technologies (implementing production and services automation as well as accelerating work process) and encouraging innovation (developing new products, services, markets and intellectual property) to foster closer links between the domestic economy and the global economy, with a view to maintaining the vitality and competitiveness of a city.

Smart Mobility

This involves the enhancement of the efficiency and service quality of urban transport through the use of video surveillance and remote detection technologies to monitor traffic facilities and conduct related data analysis for managing traffic flow, pedestrian flow and cargo flow in real time and handling emergencies. It also promotes mixed-modal access which integrates various modes of transportation, including public transport, clean-fuel vehicles, cycling and walking.

Smart Environment

This involves the implementation of green urban planning through the use of web-based and remote monitoring technologies to fully understand and analyse the distribution of public spaces, grassland and green belts with a view to promoting a green environment. It is also about the effective management and optimisation of building, community and urban resources to achieve energy conservation and emission reduction, greening of channels and revitalisation of water bodies for greater environmental sustainability.

Smart People

Human resources conducive to the development of innovation and information technologies are valued and developed through the provision of a favourable environment for lifelong learning as well as promotion of social plurality, flexibility, open-mindedness and creativity. People are encouraged to participate in public affairs through online platforms and other appropriate channels.

Smart Living

It means improvement to people’s living environment and quality of life through the use of the “Internet of Things” technology and online social platforms as an enabler for people to connect with each other and properly manage their home and thus have closer interaction with the surrounding environment. The purpose is to promote a healthy, happy and vibrant lifestyle.

Smart Government

It means strengthening of connections within the government and connections between the government and the people as well as enterprises through integration of networks and provision of public information and services. The purpose is to enhance the government’s accountability, responsiveness and transparency so that community needs and aspirations can be addressed in a more effective and timely manner.


Any topics and any ideas that could be suggested in addition to the six major themes to help develop Hong Kong into a smart city.